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What is a “disposition”?

 

A disposition means the details relating to the termination of an individual criminal defendant’s case with a criminal justice agency.

    • The following is a list of the most relevant types of case dispositions:
      1. Acquittal by Court: judgment by a court finding the defendant not guilty (i.e., innocent).
      2. Acquittal by Jury: judgment by a jury finding the defendant not guilty (i.e., innocent).
      3. Adjudication of Guilt: Defendant was judged to have committed the crime and hence convicted.
      4. Adjudicated Delinquent: Juvenile was judged to have committed the crime and hence convicted.
      5. Conviction: Defendant is adjudicated guilty of having committed the crime as charged.
      6. Dismissed: termination of court jurisdiction over a defendant in relation to criminal charges.
      7. Dropped: criminal charges not pursued by prosecutor.
      8. No Actioned: criminal charges not pursued by prosecutor.
      9. Not Prosecuted (i.e., Nolle Prosequi): criminal charges formally abandoned by prosecutor.
      10. Pre-Trial Diversion (PTD): an alternative to the prosecution of a misdemeanor criminal charge by the prosecutor whereby the Defendant accepts a plea deal to enter into a diversionary program of supervision, the successful completion of which results in the equivalent of a dismissal.
      11. Pre-Trial Intervention (PTI): an alternative to the prosecution of a felony criminal charge by the prosecutor whereby the Defendant accepts a plea deal to enter into a diversionary program of supervision, the successful completion of which results in the equivalent of a dismissal.
      12. Withhold of Adjudication or Adjudication of Guilt Withheld: Court decision to suspend entry of an adjudication of guilt.
        • This is a legal fiction created by the Florida Legislature which doesn’t exist in many other states!
        • It is a legal fiction because it allows a court to find a defendant guilty of a crime but for disposition purposes, the court can suspend the entry of guilt into the record and instead enter the disposition of the case as an adjudication withheld.
        • Criminal History Records whose disposition involves a Withhold of Adjudication must first be sealed for a minimum of ten (10) years before they become eligible for an expungement.